discovered or determined by scientific observation; "variation in the ascertained flux depends on a number of factors"; "the discovered behavior norms"; "discovered differences in achievement"; "no explanation for the observed phenomena"
introduced from another region and persisting without cultivation
brought about or set up or accepted; especially long established; "the established social order"; "distrust the constituted authority"; "a team established as a member of a major league"; "enjoyed his prestige as an established writer"; "an established precedent"; "the established Church"
shown to be valid beyond a reasonable doubt; "the established facts in the case"
securely established; "an established reputation"; "holds a firm position as the country's leading poet"